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看电影对于学习雅思的最大的益处毫无疑问就是帮助记忆单词。很多学生在平时的英语学习过程中反映,今天记的单词明天就忘记了。这是为什么呢?我认为最大的原因在于没有学以致用,缺少练习使用这些单词的机会。而和传统的英语课本相比较,电影的最大特点就是生动细腻的场景,并且有着连贯完整的故事情节。在观看电影的同时满足了学生潜在的将所学到的英文知识与现实场景相结合、相比照的心理需求。当学生看到电影中的具体生活情节时,会激起他们极大的兴奋,而此时角色对话中所使用的语汇句式因为有了具体的情节和背景,既可以使学生掌握词汇的正确使用方法,又有助于加强记忆,相信当学生再次碰到这个单词的时候能很好的联想到电影的具体场景和单词的使用方法。同时,电影通过故事情节展现了很多深刻的寓意,提出理性思考,这一点可以很好的帮助学生通过电影达成良好的语言学习能力。
关于动物保护的话题在雅思真题中真的是屡见不鲜。剑桥真题1 Zoo conservation programmes”、剑桥真题4 “What do whales feel? Sharks in Australia”、剑桥真题5 “The effects of light on plant and animal species”、剑桥真题7 “Endless Harvest等等,都与动物保护有着千丝万缕的联系。
       2009年,纪录片《海豚湾》(The Cove)诞生了,在它获得奥斯卡最佳纪录片大奖后,世界对太地町的关注也达到了一个顶点,对太地町屠杀海豚(Dolphin Slaughter)的声讨也随之而来。电影讲述了一群反捕杀海豚志愿者赴日本实地拍摄揭露当地渔民捕杀海豚行为的故事。揭露了包括国际捕鲸协会在内的所谓“环保组织”的黑幕,唤醒人们对捕杀海豚的重视,对日本施加压力,使其停止类似举动。拍摄海豚被屠杀的场景只有短短的5分钟,而这5分钟就足够令人心痛欲裂、压抑无言,泪如泉涌!一部带血的纪录片,引发了人类关于生态问题的终极思考。
在电影《海豚湾》中有相当一部分雅思考试中的高频词,略作说明。
 
【legitimacy】 n.合法性 legitimize v.使合法   
The psychological laboratory has a strong claim to legitimacy and evokes trust and confidence in those who perform there. (剑5 Test 1 Reading passage 2)
 
deceptionn.欺骗
Now small amounts like this may seem insignificant for individual customers--- too small to worry about--- but for the company this deception might result in massive illegal profit. (剑4 Test 2 Listening S4)
 
the tip of the iceberg冰山一角
Tony Wilmott of London-based consulting engineers Sandberg, and Simon Armstrong at CladTech Associates in Hampshire both say they know of hundreds of cases. “What you hear is only the tip of the iceberg,” says Trevor Ford. (剑5 Test 4 Reading passage 2)
 
frustratedadj. 沮丧的
TUTOR:Why was that?
JB:Well…I was very homesick at first and missed my family…
TUTOR: Oh, yes… I can understand that.
JB: …and I also found it frustrating to have so few teaching resources, but I did decide to stay and in the end I extended my tour to a third year.
(剑3 Test 1 Listening S3)
 
degradationn.退化 degrade v.
Certain irrigation practices degrade soil quality and reduce agriculture productivity. (剑7 Test 1 Reading passage 2)
 
extinctionn.灭绝
A species becomes extinct when the last individual dies. This observation is a useful starting point for any discussion of extinction as it highlights the role of luck and chance in the extinction process.
(剑1 Test 4 Reading passage 3)
                                                                                                                                                             
mammaln.哺乳动物
Farming is out of the question and nature offers meager pickings. Human first settled in the Arctic a mere 4,500 years ago, surviving by exploiting sea mammals and fish. (剑6 Test 1 Reading passage 1)
 
military forces军事力量
The first matches resembling those used today were made in 1827 by John Walker, an English pharmacist who borrowed the formula from a military rocket-maker called Congreve.
(剑1 Test 1 Reading passage 1)
 
symbolicadj.象征的 symbol n.象征
Giant panda is the national symbol of China.
 
exploitationn.开采,开发
This tool has been successfully used in the United States to provide input into resource exploitation decisions and assist wildlife managers and there is now enormous potential for using population viability to assist wildlife management in Australia’s forests.
(剑1 Test 4 Reading passage 3)
 
dockn.码头
In the sixteenth century the first dock was dug where ships were constructed, eventually making the East End the focus of massive international trade. (剑6 Test 1 Listening S4)
 
nonhuman intelligence
After years in the wilderness, the term ‘artificial intelligence’ (AI) seems poised to make a comeback.
(剑5 Test 3 Reading passage 3)
 
illusionn.幻觉 disillusion n.幻灭,醒悟
A better educated and less accepting public has become disillusioned with the experts in general and increasingly skeptical about science and empirically based knowledge.
 (剑4 Test2 Reading passage 2)
 
acousticadj.听觉的
Although the sense of taste and smell appear to have deteriorated, and vision in water appears to be uncertain, such weakness are more than compensated for by cetaceans’ well-developed acoustic sense.
Which of the senses is best developed in cetaceans? Acoustic sense. (剑4 Test 1 Reading passage 2)
 
sonarn.声纳
The Sonar and Radar pioneers didn’t know it then, but all the world now knows that bats, or rather natural selection working on bats, and perfected the system tens of millions of years earlier.
(剑7 Test 1 Reading passage 1)
 
studion.工作室
The second circus performance is Circus Electric at the Studio Theatre. (剑4 Test 3 S2)
Have you? They’ve got a lot of facilities we don’t have and vice versa. We do have a keep-fit studio, which is very popular with members. (剑6 Test 1 Listening S1)
 
filtration system过滤系统 filter v. 过滤
Trees filter the wind and considerably reduce it, preventing those very large strong gusts that you so often find around tall buildings. (剑4 Test 1 Listening S4)
 
lagoonn.小湖,浅水湖
The sediment sinks to fields by farmers or pumped with the water into the four large freshwater lagoons that are located near the outer edges of the delta. (剑5 Test 3 Reading passage 2)
 
commit suicide】自杀
Bullying is clearly unpleasant, and can make the child experiencing it feel unworthy and depressed. In extreme cases it can even lead to suicide, though this is thankfully rare. (剑6 Test 4 Reading passage 3)
 
automaticadj.自动的
MAN:Yes, I’ll take you to have a look at it in a minute. I’ll just get a few more details. Er…Is there anything to do with the engine? What kind of gear change do you want? I presume you’d want a manual?
WOMAN:I’d want an automatic--- I’ve never driven a car with manual gears.
(剑5 Test 3 Listening S1)
 
toothless organization没用的机构
In the film The Cove, organizations like World Wildlife Fund, Greenpeace, International Fund for Animal Welfare and International Fund for Animal Welfare are toothless. But The Oceanic Preservation Society (OPS) is really doing something for the animals.
 
loopholen.漏洞
Corporate crime can have very severe consequences. It’s not just a matter of companies making bigger profits than they should do, but of events which may affect the lives of innocent people, and yet very often companies, because they say they didn’t intend to harm anyone, can avoid taking responsibilities for the result of their action. And that has been a very dangerous loophole in the low. (剑4 Test 2 Listening S4)
 
Antarcticn.南极洲 adj.南极的
A second important area is monitoring the size of the hole in the ozone layer above Antarctica, since this is an indicator of global ultra-violet radiation level.
(剑3 Test 2 Listening S4)
 
acknowledgev. 承认
It is generally acknowledged that young people from poorer socio-economic background tend to do less well in our education system. (剑5 Test 3 Reading passage 1)
 
in that scenario在那样的情况下
Last week I looked at the economy end of the hotel business; this week I’m going to discuss the luxury end of the market. Let’s consider the flowing scenario… (剑7 Test 3 Listening S4)
 
authorityn.权威
Uniforms show authority and profession. Those who wear uniforms at work are more likely to win trust.
 
for reference仅供参考
Not in terms of their facilities. Access to online databases and the Internet is available at both sides and each site has a range of reference materials on education. (剑6 Test 4 Listening S3)
 
waterfalln.瀑布
We stay near there for Day Seven because then comes the hardest day, walking through very mountainous country, but culminating in a swim in the Parteh Falls. This is the highest waterfall in the region. (剑7 Test 3 Listening S2)
 
carbohydraten.碳水化合物
He suggested that it signals to us the presence of protein in food, in the same way that sweetness indicated that a food contains energy-giving carbohydrates.
(剑7 Test 4 Listening S4)
 
thermal camera热敏相机thermoplastic adj.热塑性材料 thermosetting adj.热固的
The years 1899 and 1900 had seen the patenting of the first semi-synthetic thermosetting material that could be manufactured on an industrial scale.
(剑5 Test 2 Reading passage 1)
 
championshipn.锦标赛
Using data is a complex data. Well before championship, sports scientists and coaches start to prepare the athlete by developing a ‘competition model’, based on what they expect will be the winning times.
(剑6 Test 1 Reading passage 1)
 
physiological traits生理特征
The fifth resolution relaunched the European research network on the physiology of trees.
(剑7 Test 3 Reading passage 3)
 
partake】【participatev.参与
But you may have a particular interest you wish to pursue or you may wish to participate in outings or trips if you don’t know many people at the moment. (剑3 Test 2 Listening S2 )
 
license plates车牌 driving license 驾照
MAN:Could you tell me what I have to do to join?
LIBRARIAN:Well, you’ll need to come in to the library and fill out some forms. You’ll also need to bring two passport photos with you. We also need two documents for ID, so a driving license would be fine.
(剑5 Test 2 Listening S1 )
 
remote villages偏远的小村庄
Day Nine is much easier with part of the day spent in a village where they make some of the gorgeous red blankets. (剑7 Test 3 Listening S2)
 
food chain食物链
People and dolphins feed at the same level of a food chain.
人和海豚位于食物链的同一级别。
 
toxicadj. 有毒的 toxin n.毒素
Bitterness, he says, alerts us of toxins in the food, while sourness warns us of spoilage and saltiness signals the presence of minerals. (剑7 Test 4 Listening S4)
 
nutrientn.营养成分 nutrition n.营养
Improvements in childhood nutrition in the first quarter of the twenties century, for example, gave today’s elderly people a better start in life than their predecessors. (剑6 Test 2 Reading passage 2)
 
symptomn.症状 prescribe v.开处方 prescription n.处方
Obesity, heart disease and diabetes are beginning to appear in a people for whom these have never before been problems. (剑6 Test 1 Reading passage 3)
And the patients are the ones who pay---in the form of sky-rocketing prescription prices---for every pen that’s handed out, every free theatre ticket, and every steak dinner eaten.
(剑6 T4 Reading passage 1)
 
scuba diving戴水下呼吸器潜水
“Would you like to move to another city in the future?”
Actually, if I had the chance to move to a coastal city like Xiamen or Sanya, I would be able to hang out on the beach every day and I would also have the opportunity to get into water sports like surfing and possibly scuba-diving.
 
【three-dimensional】adj. 全方位的,立体的
I encourage them to make a small-scale, three-dimensional hat first so that they could experience with how to achieve the form they required and I imposed certain constrains on them to keep things simple. (剑3 Test 2 Listening S4)
 
U.S. Embassy美国领事馆
TREVOR: Mmm… why don’t we call the embassy?
JULIE: Oh…someone’s enthusiastic!
(剑7 Test 4 Listening Section 3)
 
cognitive processes认知过程
Not only is more of the brain involved in play than was suspected, but it also seems to activate higher cognitive processes. (剑4 Test 2 Reading passage 3)
 
biologicaladj. 生物的
The area is now most often used by primary schools for biology lessons.(剑4 Test 4 Listening Section 2)
The problem for biologist, psychologist and anthropologists is to sort out which of these two polar explanations is more plausible. (剑5 Test 1 Reading passage 2)
 
marine ecosystems海洋生态系统
More than 20% of all freshwater fish species are now threatened or endangered because dams and water withdrawals have destroyed the free-flowing river ecosystems where they thrive. (剑7 Test 1 Reading passage 2)
 
proteinn.蛋白质
Glutamate is an amino acid that can be found naturally in all protein-containing foods, erm, so this includes food such as meat and cheese. (剑7 Test 4 Listening Section 4)
 
organismn.有机体,生物体
Another hypothesis suggests that decreased processing of glucose could indicate to cells that food is scarce (even if it isn’t) and induce them to shift into an anti-aging mode that emphasizes preservation of the organism over such ‘luxuries’ as growth and reproduction. (剑6 Test 3 Reading passage 3)
 
【penetrate】v.渗透,进入
Too many people living in fragile environment have lost control over their economies, their culture and their environment when tourism has penetrated their homelands. (剑5 Test 4 Reading passage 1)
 
spinen.脊椎
When pain strikes, we attempt to keep the back as immobile as possible, which makes the muscles tense up. Research shows that they often go into spasm, which causes further twisting of the spine. (剑3 Test 1 Listening S4)
 
上述句子中重点标注的单词均为雅思考试中常见的高频词,借助电影这种生动的艺术形式,既达成精神上的极大享受,又轻松愉悦地成就单词记忆,不失为明智之举。下面再看一些影片中让人深思的句子。
 
It's as Margaret Mead once said:never ever depend upon governments or institutions to solve any major problem. All social change comes from the passion of individuals. 
正如玛格丽特·米德所说的,永远不要指望政府或者机构能解决任何重大问题。所有社会变化都源于个体的激情。
 
During the Greek era, it was punishable by death to harm a dolphin. They were protected, and they were protected because there's a lot of stories throughout history of dolphins saving the lives of humans. 
古希腊年代,伤害海豚可判处死刑。那时海豚得到了悉心保护,之所以如此是因为历史上从来都不乏类似海豚救人的故事。
 
Ric O'Berry is the guy that has a heart of gold,and nerves of steel. He'll do anything. 
Ric O’Berry心地善良,意志坚定,无所不能
 
The reason they don't know about it is because of a media cover-up, a systematic, deliberate cover-up, a media blackout, because the dolphin meat is heavily laced with mercury. 
他们之所以不知道这件事是因为媒体掩盖了真相,这是有组织,有预谋的掩盖,是全面的媒体管制,因为海豚肉含有高浓度的汞。
 
The nail that sticks out must be pounded down. 枪打出头鸟。
  
实战演练

Part One / Part Three

纵观历年雅思口语考试真题,动物保护类题目在第一部分中反复出现的究其根本也就那几道,第三部分的问题有所加深,涉及社会现象等宏观问题,对于不注重观察社会百态的学生而言有一定难度。现把部分相关问题列举如下:

1. Do you like or dislike animals? Why?
2. Do Chinese like or dislike animals? Why?
3. How to preserve the animals?
4. What animals can people see in China?
5. What is the most famous animal in China?
6. What is the role of animal in China?
7. What is your view on keeping pets? (Advantages and disadvantages)
8. What are the characteristics of different animals?
9. Do you have a pet?
10. What do Chinese think about keeping pets?

 
Example
Do you like animals?
“Well, to be honest, in general I would say that I’m actually quite keen on animals, but in particular I would probably have to say that I’m really into domestic pets like dogs, I guess the reason why I’m a fan of dogs is because I adore their loyalty and companionship. In addition to dogs I suppose I’m also pretty passionate about endangered species, especially dolphins and things like that and this is due to the fact that I feel some degree of responsibility toward wildlife protection.”
把表示喜欢/不喜欢的词组复习一遍。
I’m fairly/pretty keen on…
I’m really into…
I’m quite a big fan of…
I simply adore…
I’m quite enthusiastic about…
I’m quite fond of…
I’m totally mad about…
I’m really passionate about…
I’m not so keen on…
I’m not much of a fan of…
I’m not really into…
I’m not really that fond of…
I totally detest…
I really can’t stand…
I absolutely loathe…
Part 2 
Describe an animal that can be found in your country
You should say:
 
What type of animal it is
Where it can be found
Whether you have seen it
 
What other people think of this animal.
 
第一反应是整理一下思绪,中国常见的动物有哪些?万万不可扯到驼鸟、树熊什么的,有点常识的人都知道这些都不是中国特有的动物。可以说的动物有:
Golden haired monkey, South China tiger, brown-eared pheasant, white-flag dolphin, Chinese alligator, red-crowned crane, giant panda and so on.
一般情况下,拿到cue card以后有一分钟的时间准备,这时候千万不要试图把想说的都写下来,这样做的结果会是前面30秒考生能说得还算溜,但过了30秒就不知道该说什么了。所以在这短短的1分钟里,应该做如下几件事:
 
1.深呼一口气,放松;
2.分析该用什么时态进行陈述,写下来用以提醒自己;
3.想好整体架构,准备陈述哪几点,写下key words;
4.这个话题下有哪些加分词汇,写下来用以提醒自己。
下面就可以开始陈述了,记得要昂起头,保持微笑,时不时地和考官进行眼神交流。
 
Example

Preparation Notes
Panda

Past Tense + Present Tense
Four Answers to the Four Questions
National symbol     endangered species
Natural reserve      Panda Sanctuary
   Well, when it comes to an animal that can be found in my country, I’d like to select the commonly known giant panda which is the national symbol of China.
   You know, because it is an endangered species, it lives mostly in protected nature reserves in central western and south western China. A recent report shows that there are only 239 Giant Pandas living in captivity inside China and another 27 outside the country, so it is also possible to see them in zoos around the world.
   Actually I visited the Panda’s Sanctuary in Chengdu 3 years ago while I was traveling in Sichuan Province. I’ve seen the pandas thousands of times from TV shows or pictures, but this was my first time to actually see them with my own eyes which was really fantastic, wow.
   I guess most Chinese people like pandas, because they are so cute, like you know the round face, black eye patches, and bear-like body shape. When people see the pandas always can not help but start to adore the lovely creature. Besides, some people would feel some sense of patriotism towards the giant panda sine it is recognized globally the archetypal animal of China.
文章稍显主次,结构不合理,文章前半部分给出词汇太繁琐,简洁皆可。后半部分重点论述回答这个话题的方法技巧等写的论文不仅能给学生提供新的学习思路,而且语言幽默,有一气呵成的感觉。其实平时大多数老师可能也注意到了这点,但是很少有人会把挖掘出来.

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